Whether you’re a camper or a hunter, a hiker or a prepper, doing Airsoft or bugging out, surviving the outdoors is like a primal birthright.
So do you have the necessary survival tactics mastered?
As cool as it sounds to just “rough it”, you have to remember that nature can be pretty unforgiving and unpredictable.
The first thing you’ll need is a rugged and durable pack to carry any necessary loadout or gear. And you can’t go wrong with a quality military or tactical bag to tough out the most extreme environments.
Even if it’s just a campground.
So if you’re heading into the wild, here’s a checklist of some of the survival tactics you’ll want to know.
This one is important, even if you’re not going alone.
Yeah, it may seem unmanly, but let someone know where you’re headed before embarking on your adventure. This could be a friend, family member, park ranger, your butcher, whoever.
Doing this can shorten any possible survival situation that may arise. If you’re not checking in at regular intervals during your trip, then at least plan to check in with someone when you return.
That way, if something happens while you’re out there, the proper authorities can be alerted quickly.
The kit you choose will depend on the type of trip you’re taking.
No matter the size or complexity, it should include:
If you’re planning to venture into more rugged wilderness, you may want to add space blankets or even bear spray.
It’s not a luxury, it’s a necessity. Period.
A knife is also absolutely vital for anyone who’s planning to spend time in the woods. You’ll be thankful you have it.
If you love making fire, you now have an excuse to practice your fire starting skills.
Aside from the warmth and light that fire provides, there’s the psychological comfort it brings as well.
Think of building a fire as more than just the firewood. Think of it in terms of four other key ingredients: a tinder bundle of dry, fibrous material and then wood in three sizes, such as the size of a toothpick, a pencil, and a Q-tip.
Place a small log as a base and windscreen for your tinder bundle. Once the tinder is lit, stack the smaller kindling against the larger log like a lean-to. This allows oxygen to pass through and feed the flames.
Add larger kindling as the flame grows, until the fire is hot enough to start gobbling bigger logs.
You can start a fire with a magnesium rod or even a battery. You just have to connect the negative and positive terminals with a wire, foil (like a candy wrapper), or steel wool to create a spark. Then drive it into your tinder bundle and have your firewood ready to burn.
Even if you have the greatest tent known to mankind, having the ability to get out of the elements is huge. Especially if something happens to the tent.
A survival shelter doesn’t need to be elaborate. To make a simple lean-to, find a downed tree that’s resting at an angle, then place a large branch against it and stack smaller branches close together on one side.
Be sure to pad your shelter with a pile of leaves or pine boughs so you’re off the ground, and make at least a semi-watertight roof. Hypothermia is a bigger killer than a bear when the weather is cold so a well-insulated shelter is your top priority in a prolonged survival situation.
Even if you brought plenty of water, in a true survival situation, it’s one of the first things to go. Without water, a human can survive for approximately three days.
If this happens, you’ll want to avoid drinking directly from a natural water source like a puddle or even a stream which could be teeming with bacteria or parasites. Boil it first.
If you can’t boil it, then turn to rain, snow, and dew for reliable sources of clean water. You can soak up dew or rain with a couple of bandanas and then ring them out into containers.
Humans can go a lot longer without food than water.
But if you find yourself in a survival situation, there’s no need to go all Rambo. You’re better off eating edible plants.
While dandelions and cattails are among the more common edible plants, you’ll want to buy a book to identify plants in different environments.
If the plants alone don’t cut it, you can always use a split-tip gig to catch smaller prey such as fish, frogs, and lizards.
Gigging is another word for hunting with a multi-pronged spear. It’s a simple way to catch anything from snakes to fish. Cut down a one-inch diameter sapling with that valuable knife of yours and then split the fat end into four equal sections ten inches down.
Spread the tines apart with a stick, sharpen the points and you’ve got yourself a multi-pronged spear.
Even the best planned survival trip can include a debilitating injury. At that point, you have to know how to get help. This is a crucial survival tactic.
There are two methods to maximize your visibility in this situation.
Build a signal fire. Put it out in the open where nothing like a cliff face or trees will disperse the smoke. Create a platform to raise the base of the fire off the ground so the wood stays dry.
Once the fire is lit, pile on green branches – or pine boughs if it’s winter – to produce thick smoke.
You can buy a mirror signal or improvise with any reflective surface you’ve got. A flash from a signal mirror can be seen for miles. Even if it’s at night by moonlight.
Aiming the reflection is simple. Hold out a peace sign and place your target–be it a plane or a boat–between your fingers. Flash the reflection back and forth across your fingers.
One of the most important survival tactics to follow in an outdoor survival situation is to do whatever it takes to stay calm. Panicking or becoming irrational can increase your chances of getting into an even worse situation through injury or mistakes.
There are, or course, other helpful survival tactics for more dire situations but these are the basics.
Got other survival tactics you think we missed? Feel free to throw in your two cents.
The post Are These Necessary Survival Tactics in Your Handbook? appeared first on MiliTactical.